Streptococcus

Streptococcus is a gram positive, non-motile bacterium that causes a number of human diseases like suppurative infections, puerperal fever, scarlet fever, pharyngitis, erysipelas, rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, pneumonia and more. Treatment of Streptococcal infection depends on the organ and location of the infection.

Throat Infections

Streptococcal throat infections are usually self limiting especially with mild infections. Treatment usually focuses on the symptomatic relief like pain relievers for joint pains and headache. Some lifestyle modifications may be needed like cessation of smoking to prevent further irritation of throat. A warm saline gargle may lessen the inflammation and the pain. Antibiotics for mild disease are not warranted because it does little to accelerate the speed of recovery and may cause antibiotic resistance in the bacteria. Antibiotics are usually prescribed during a streptococcal infection when the host has a weakened immune system and when the individual has a serious condition like heart disease.

Skin Infections

Streptococcal impetigo may easily be treated with antibiotic creams like Bacitracin. Cellulitis which has a deeper infection may require a short course of oral antibiotics to control streptococcal infections.

Inner Ear Infections

Cases of inner ear infections may spontaneously resolve without many times. Pain relievers and anti-pyretics may be given to control symptoms of inner ear infections. Antibiotics are only used in severe cases or when inner ear infections do not resolve in time.

Sinusitis

Over the counter medications like pain killers and paracetamol may be used to treat the symptoms of sinusitis. However, if symptoms persist beyond 7 days, a short course of antibiotics may be prescribed by the physician.

Other Infections

Invasive Strep B infections and pneumonia may require intravenous antibiotics to control the bacteria. In disseminated streptococcal infection from a wound source, surgical debridement may be necessary to rid off the source of the streptococcus. Expectant mothers with high risk to streptococcus B infection may receive intravenous antibiotics to protect the unborn fetus from the infection.

Outcome

Many types of Streptococcal infections resolve without treatment and are benign nature. However, serious cases should be treated accordingly to prevent fatal outcomes and serious complications.

It is important to recognize that medications and medical procedures are associated with benefits and risks that should be discussed with your physician. It is important to recognize that all information contained on this website cannot be considered to be specific medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical advice. As always, you should consult with a physician regarding any medical condition. Your Health Access disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.