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Vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure to offer a permanent form of contraception for men who do not desire to have children. While this decision is a personal one, certain states have requirements, such as the timing that this procedure may be performed.  The result extends the opportunity to have unprotected sex with a trusted partner.  Following surgery and semen analysis a few weeks later,  the vast majority of men who have Vasectomy may begin to have unprotected sex.

Hormones controlling secondary sex characteristics remain intact and there are no changes in the physical traits of the males who have Vasectomy. There is no loss in sex drive or any hindrance in the sexual intercourse. It is for these reasons  that many men who do not wish to have children have found  the procedure appealing.

Prior to Vasectomy, men who have a questionable desire about having children may elect to store sperm through a procedure that freezes the sperm. However, this approach may not ultimately result in a pregnancy. There is a procedure that may be performed to reverse the Vasectomy, but  success in the results is variable.  Vasectomy results are  considered permanent.

How It Works

During the Vasectomy procedure, the vas deferens from each testicle is cut or sealed so that the sperm doesn’t mix with the semen that is ejaculated from the penis. Sperm-less semen results in zero fertilization.  After the vasectomy, the body continues to produce sperms, but they are simply absorbed by the body instead of being ejaculated. Following steps are taken during a vasectomy procedure.

  • Cleaning and shaving the testicle and the scrotum.
  • Oral medication to soothe the senses and reduce anxiety.
  • Local anesthesia is administered.
  • Then, a small incision is made on the scrotum  to access the vas deferens tubes where they can be excised and tied up or sealed. Electrocautery is used to smooth the ends.  
  • The vas deferens are then placed back inside the scrotum and the area is sealed.

After Surgery

You may stay ahead of minor discomfort with anti-pain medication.  You may experience swelling of the scrotal skin and bruising. As with all medical procedures, there are risks that can usually be managed with prompt attention. These rare complications may include: hemorrhage or infection in the area of surgery under the skin or in scrotum; sperm leakage might form lump which might be painful,  sperm tubes might become inflamed; recanalization which means that the tubes of the vas deferens start  growing back which reverses the results of the procedure.

  • 100% effectiveness cannot be established in any procedure. In rare cases, the tubes might not be sealed properly, may grow back and may become functional again. Semen analysis demonstrates the absence of sperm.
  • Vasectomy does not protect from STD’s. The only way to protect against STDs is to use a condom. 

It is important to recognize that medications and medical procedures are associated with benefits and risks that should be discussed with your physician. It is important to recognize that all information contained on this website cannot be considered to be specific medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical advice. As always, you should consult with a physician regarding any medical condition.