Sepsis

 Sepsis is a life-threatening emergency characterized by an inflammatory state which affects the whole system of the body, brought about by bloodstream infection.

Sepsis, or non-medically referred to as blood poisoning, is a very serious condition which would require hospitalization, even an admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) for severe cases. The basic treatment regimen for individuals with sepsis basically includes: fluid management and antibiotic drug therapy.  Individuals with sepsis shall be further managed, based on the specific concomitant signs, symptoms and complications, such as organ failure.   

For poor oxygen levels, individuals with sepsis may require oxygen therapy. 

For hypotension or decrease in blood pressure, vasopressors and even plasma expanders might be required as support to intravenous fluid administration.

For lung incapacity or damage, intubation and respiratory support system may be warranted. 

For kidney damage or failure, individuals may require dialysis. 

For coagulation or bleeding difficulties, vitamin K therapy may be part of the treatment regimen.

The severity or stage of the illness and the health status of the individual may be strong factors that affect the prognosis of sepsis.  Elderly, hospitalized patients, immune-compromised individuals and those with chronic illnesses have a higher risk for developing a severe form of sepsis which might lead to septic shock or death.  Even with proper management, 30 to 50 % of severe cases may not be likely to not respond to treatment and result in death. Should the individual with sepsis be able to recover or survive the condition, in those cases with organs heavily affected, permanent organ damage may ensue. For others who survive, they may go on to lead a healthy life.

It is important to recognize that medications and medical procedures are associated with benefits and risks that should be discussed with your physician. It is important to recognize that all information contained on this website cannot be considered to be specific medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical advice. As always, you should consult with a physician regarding any medical condition. Your Health Access disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.