Proteinuria

Proteinuria is characterized by excessive loss of proteins that leave the body through urination. Sometimes, urinary tract infections may lead to Proteinuria and may accompany high blood pressure in pregnant women. Proteinuria may also be due to high blood pressure, diabetes or other types of kidney disorders.

Loss of proteins from the body is a cause for alarm as the proteins present in our blood stream are crucial to our survival. Proteins help in the clotting of blood, ensuring fluid circulation of the blood and protect us from infections. Thus, immediate treatment is required when the essential proteins in the bloodstream are excreted out of the body in urine, particularly the albumin and others that support various vital functions.  Proteinuria may also suggest a serious chronic kidney disease that may require further testing.  

Apart from the loss of proteins and its consequences, presence of Proteinuria helps to diagnose incompetency in the filtration of the blood and severe kidney damage. If a person starts passing out protein rich urine with a frothy foamy appearance, it is time to undergo a thorough kidney checkup. Macromolecules, like proteins, are not meant to be filtered out of the kidneys. If this occurs, it is a sign of Glomerular nephritis or nephropathy.

Symptoms of Proteinuria may include the following.

  • Foamy Urine
  •  Swelling of hands, feet, face and the abdomen.

It is important to note that Proteinuria may not display any symptoms. Severe Symptoms which may be life threatening, include:

  • Chest Pain or Pressure
  • Inability to Urinate
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Loss of Consciousness

Proteinuria Treatment

Your physician is best equipped to direct you towards the appropriate course of treatment. If the condition has arisen strictly due to kidney damage, then the treatments are renal in nature. For example, your physician may indicate that you qualify for medications to improve kidney function. There are also some ways that you may assist in preventing essential protein loss, including:   

  • A low protein and sodium diet must be maintained.
  •  Insulin to control diabetes, if necessary.  
  •  Medications to reduce blood pressure, if necessary.  

These precautions help ensure a long and healthy renal system. In turn, you may have cleaner and protein rich blood flow in your body. So, adapt a healthier lifestyle, pursue routine checkups for your kidneys, and take any steps necessary to control your blood pressure and blood glucose levels.  A goal to preserve an optimal protein count in the blood is very worthwhile!

It is important to recognize that medications and medical procedures are associated with benefits and risks that should be discussed with your physician. It is also important to recognize that all information contained on this website cannot be considered to be specific medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical advice. As always, you should consult with a physician regarding any medical condition.