Pneumonia and Influenza

Pneumonia is a clinical disease characterized by the inflammation of the air sacs (alveoli) which may fill in with water and phlegm to cause coughing and dyspnea (difficulty breathing). Most cases of Influenza are generally a viral infection.

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs which is caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi that may potentially be life threatening particularly for the very young, the very old and those that are immune system compromised.   

Influenza is generally a viral infection caused by the influenza virus exhibiting fever, joint pains, headache, loss of appetite and more.

Treatment

Treatment options for Influenza and Pneumonia vary, depending upon several factors such as, the severity of the disease, age of the individual and in the possible presence of other illnesses.

Antibiotics Treatment

Infectious Pneumonia is usually treated with antibiotics, especially when the specific pathogen is identified. Physicians may opt to use specific antibiotics to treat the specific bacteria once identified.

Influenza Pneumonia is refractory to antibiotic therapy and may resolve spontaneously, but high risk individuals like those beyond 70 years of age may benefit from antibiotic prophylactics and vaccines. Antiviral medications may be used for viral pneumonia once the pathogen is identified.

Supportive Care

An adequate fluid intake may be required in the cases of Pneumonia and Influenza due to massive dehydration through the lungs. Anti-pyretics for fever and anti-tussive preparations for the cough may allay these similar distressing symptoms of Pneumonia and Influenza.

Outcome

In general, an individual who recovers from Pneumonia and Influenza has a very good prognosis. Mortality ratings may increase for those who are senior, especially beyond 70 years old. In developing nations, Influenza and Pneumonia are still the top killer disease of the elderly population. Thus, massive vaccinations may be required to prevent these dreaded duos.

It is important to recognize that medications and medical procedures are associated with benefits and risks that should be discussed with your physician. It is important to recognize that all information contained on this website cannot be considered to be specific medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical advice. As always, you should consult with a physician regarding any medical condition. Your Health Access disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.