Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is characterized by the development of an abnormal growth of cells in the brain that results in a benign or malignant brain tumor(s). There are six primary types of brain tumors, including:

  • Acoustic Neuroma, located on the skull and may affect the sheath of the VIII cranial nerve.
  • Brain Metastases denotes the type of tumor(s) that may originate from other primary tumor(s) in different areas of the body, such as the lung, breast, skin, kidney and colon.
  • Brain Stem Tumor that is located on the stem of the brain along the pathway of the spinal cord.
  • Malignant Giloma Tumors surface in the brain tissue.
  • Meningioma Tumors occur from the two innermost membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord or brain lining tissue.
  • Pituitary Tumors may negatively affect any area of the body.

Symptoms of a Brain Tumor

Symptoms of a brain tumor may be similar in nature to a moderately developed or later stage brain hematoma (blood clot) before rupture and other neurological conditions.  For this reason, your physician’s goal will be to perform a timely thorough evaluation to offer an accurate diagnosis.  Learn more about Symptoms of a Brain Tumor by clicking on the above link.

Diagnosis of a Brain Tumor

Initially, individuals suspected to have brain tumor will be queried about their medical history and symptoms. A neurological examination will be performed to evaluate capacity in neurological functioning. Your neurologist or neurosurgeon will also perform a preliminary physical examination. The individual may be screened for other possible conditions, including:  

  • Weakness
  • Changes in personality
  • Changes in quality of vision
  • Hearing loss

If there is any type of abnormality discovered throughout this time period, your neurologist or neurosurgeon may order one or more of the following tests.

CT Scan or MRI to provide detailed images of the brain.

Angiogram or MRA that offers X-Ray images of the blood vessels to determine signs of abnormality in the blood vessels and the presence of a tumor(s).

If a tumor is found, then a Biopsy may be performed to analyze its nature. Biopsy is usually performed  during the surgery or prior to surgery. The tissue sample is then sent to a laboratory for testing.

Treatment

There are a variety of treatment options available for a brain tumor(s) that will be reviewed through a meaningful Q and A with your neurologist and/or neurosurgeon. In select cases whereby the tumor is benign and not inhibiting qualify of life, select tumors may be left untreated, depending upon your evaluation of the benefits and risks associated with doing nothing at all and all treatment options.  The options for treatment that may be presented to you  include the following.

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Radio Surgery
  • Targeted Drug Therapy

Generally, the prognosis following treatment is good when the tumor is diagnosed early on. With appropriate and timely treatment, individuals may live a long and healthy life.

It is important to recognize that medications and medical procedures are associated with benefits and risks that should be discussed with your physician. It is important to recognize that all information contained on this website cannot be considered to be specific medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical advice. As always, you should consult with a physician regarding any medical condition.